One of the oldest Château in the Var in Bormes les Mimosas

 

Château de Bregançon is situated in the center of a classified Côtes de Provence zone.

It was built during the first part of the 18th century on an old marquisate, the fort of which is today a presidential residence.

A familly château passed down generation after generation since 1816

 

In 1816 Simon SABRAN, ancestor to the Tezenas family who are the present owners of the Château, buys the domain. At the time it was 1030 hectares ; 75 hectares of vineyard, 2000 olive trees, 2000 mulberry trees, 600 fig trees and fruit trees. The house was modest, a fort home style annexed by a farm courtyard. Part of the production fed the Bregançon Fort and its soldiers. A few years after the death of Simon in 1835, his wife and 8 children decided to sell the property.

In 1837, the domain was bought by Adolphe Auguste CHAPPON a rich ship-owner from Marseille. He married Georgine Barronet. She loved North Italian architecture and decided to take down the old house and rebuild the château with three towers and a chapel. The walls of the ground floor where covered with frescos and the floor with mosaic work.

Then fate played a hand. Hermann SABRAN, grandson of Simon, a lawyer in Lyon, was the financial counselor to Mr.CHAPPON in Marseille. He travelled many times to that city and had the opportunity to meet Hélène CHAPPON, the ship-owners’ daughter. They married in Bormes les Mimosas in 1869 and the domain came back again into the SABRAN family.

In 1874, Hermann and Hélène, had a daughter named Renée. She died of bone tuberculoses at the age of 8. That same year Hermann took over the presidency of the administration council of the Civil Hospices of Lyon. In memory of his daughter, he wished to build a childrens’ hospital for those that were hospitalised at the Charité in Lyon.

Why not Bregançon for this wonderfult project ? Lacking drinking water, he started by building a dam which was helpful  for the local farmers also. This dam exists even today.

However, the roads from Lyon were too difficult to travel on for the sick children and he was persuaded not to go on with the project. Not wanting to give up, he bought, not far from there, on the Giens peninsula, a property where he finally built his hospital. It is named Renée SABRAN in memory of his daughter. For practical reasons, in 1889 Hermann bought in Messine, an 18 meter English Yacht named l’Iris also known as the Giens tramway because of the frequent trips made between Brégançon and Giens. The hospital is very renowned today because of its high quality  treatment in post traumatic re-education, cystic fibrosis and bone surgery. It is still part of the Civil Hospices of Lyon.

Hermann SABRAN died in 1914, leaving no heirs. He bequeathed his property to his nephew, Francis SABRAN who married Marguerite Gérard. Her parents were the owners of Château Léoube. Francis, in turn, gave Bregançon to his only daughter Marguerite SABRAN who married Georges TEZENAS.

From June 1940 till December 1942, the château was occupied by  Italians, and then by Germans between 1942 and August 1945. It was transformed into a fortress with trenches, bunkers and canons across the terrace. The château  was completely repainted into camouflage colors. Under the German occupation, the TEZENAS family took refuge at Château Léoube. At the defeat,  Brégançon partly in ruins, was abandoned by the Germans. The chapel that stored the ammunition was totally destroyed and that consequently destroyed badly part of the château. George TEZENAS took over the renovation work and the reconstruction of the chapel.

In the mid 1950’s multiple farming was stopped in order to concentrate specifically on the vineyards.

Since then, two generations have been working hard with the firm wish to better the quality of the grapes and therefore the wine.  Due to this,  Jean-François TEZENAS obtained in 1955 the Cru Classé qualification, for his efforts in research and in quality.

Today, Olivier TEZENAS, eighth generation since Simon SABRAN, continues putting in all his passion for the vineyards, his love for the terroir and his savoir-faire, to create every year authentique wines that mix both elegance and finesse.

He built in this exceptional sight a new cellar in 2012 with the continuous wish of developing the winery.

 

Cru Classé since 1955

 

The history of the Cru Classés des Côtes de Provence starts in 1895 when some of the « Owners of the Var Vineyards » realised the importance of uniting together in order to defend and promote their wines and properties.

The drive of these determined men and women, enabled a commision of experts, in 1947, to select 23 domains to be put under the guardianship of the INAO. They were chosen after a rigorous study of their land, of their know-how and of their reknown.

 

Just like the most prestigious vineyards of Bordeaux, these domains and Châteaux de Provence obtained the exceptional title of « Cru Classé » (Ministerial Order of 20 July 1955).

 

The club of Crus Classés is created, in 1990, with the goal of improving the quality of the wines and continuing their